Old Rauma is the most extensive coherent wooden town area in the Nordic region. It remains the heart of the town, with people living, trading, working and engaging in leisure activities in its historic surroundings all year round.
Fortress of Suomenlinna
The Suomenlinna sea fortress, which was founded on the islands off the coast of Helsinki in 1748, is one of the cultural treasures of Finland. The fortress is also special in that it has played a role in the defence of three states: Sweden, Russia and Finland.
Petäjävesi Old Church
The church located by the lake route emptying into Lake Päijänne was built in 1763–1765 under the supervision of Jaakko Klementinpoika Leppänen.
Verla Groundwood and Board Mill
The Verla Groundwood and Board Mill is a unique, intact industrial complex dating from the early years of the Finnish wood processing industry. The whole is complemented by the workers’ housing and numerous other buildings in the area.
Sammallahdenmäki Bronze Age Burial Site
The cairns of Sammallahdenmäki represent the Scandinavian Bronze Age culture that spread to Western Finland during the Bronze Age. The culture brought with it a new burial method: the dead were buried in stone cairns, which were built on the rocks by the sea.
Struve Geodetic Arc
This chain of meridian measurements got its name from the German astronomer F.G.W. Struve who in the early 1800s decided to determine the size and shape of the Earth by triangulation and astronomical observations.
During the last glacial period, Kvarken was in the centre of the ice sheet covering Northern Europe. Ice masses pressed the earth’s crust a whole kilometre further down. The washboard moraines in the Kvarken were formed by the edge of the melting ice.